Pentids 400 mg


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Pentids are an important class of chemical compounds that have gained significant attention in various fields due to their unique properties and versatile applications. In this article, we will delve into the world of pentids, exploring their characteristics, synthesis methods, and their roles in different industries.

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Active Ingredient (Generic Name)

Penicillin G



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30, 60, 90, 120


Abbott Healthcare


What are Pentids? Pentids are organic compounds containing five carbon atoms arranged in a specific manner. The general formula for pentids is C5H10, and they can exist in various isomeric forms, such as:

  1. n-Pentane
  2. Isopentane (2-methylbutane)
  3. Neopentane (2,2-dimethylpropane)

These isomers differ in their molecular structures, leading to distinct physical and chemical properties.

Properties of Pentids Pentids exhibit several noteworthy properties that make them valuable in numerous applications:


Physical state Pentids are typically colorless, flammable liquids at room temperature.
Boiling point The boiling points of pentids range from 9.5°C (n-pentane) to 27.7°C (isopentane).
Solubility Pentids are generally insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents.
Reactivity Pentids are relatively stable but can undergo various chemical reactions, such as combustion and halogenation.

Synthesis of Pentids Pentids can be synthesized through several methods, depending on the desired isomer and the available starting materials. Some common synthesis routes include:

  1. Catalytic cracking of heavier hydrocarbons
  2. Dehydrogenation of pentanes
  3. Alkylation of isobutane with light olefins

These methods allow for the efficient production of pentids on an industrial scale.

Applications of Pentids Pentids find extensive use in various industries due to their unique properties and versatility:

  1. Fuel industry: Pentids are used as components in gasoline blends to improve the octane rating and enhance engine performance.
  2. Solvent industry: Pentids serve as effective solvents for paints, coatings, and adhesives, offering excellent dissolving power and fast evaporation rates.
  3. Refrigeration industry: Isopentane is used as a refrigerant in some refrigeration systems due to its low boiling point and good thermodynamic properties.
  4. Pharmaceutical industry: Pentids are employed as solvents in the synthesis of various pharmaceutical compounds and in the formulation of certain medications.
  5. Chemical synthesis: Pentids serve as starting materials or intermediates in the synthesis of more complex organic compounds, such as polymers and fine chemicals.

According to a study by the American Chemical Society, the global demand for pentids is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.5% from 2021 to 2028, driven by their increasing applications in the automotive, construction, and pharmaceutical sectors.

Pentids are a fascinating class of organic compounds with a wide range of properties and applications. Their versatility, coupled with their unique characteristics, makes them indispensable in various industries, from fuel production to pharmaceutical synthesis. As research continues to uncover new uses for pentids, their importance in shaping our modern world is set to grow even further.


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